In Year 5 the focus is on adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing large numbers.  But maths also includes measuring, statistics and shape and space.  Your child will learn about all of these.

In Year 5 your child will be learning to:

• Multiply and divide any while number up to 10000 by 10 or 100
• Know what the digits in a decimal number stand for; for example, the 6 in 2.63 stands for 6 tenths and the 3 for 3 hundredths.
• Round numbers with one decimal place to the nearest whole number; for example, 9.7 rounds up to 10, 147,2 rounds down to 147.
• Use division to find a fraction of a number; for example, find one fifth by dividing by 5.
• Work out in her head the difference between two numbers such as 3994 and 9007.
• Use pencil and paper to add and subtract big numbers such as 5792 + 8436, 13912 – 5829.
• Know by heart all multiplication tables up to 10 x 10.
• Double numbers up to 100 in her head.
• Use pencil and paper for multiplication and division calculations such as 328 x 4, 72 x 56 and 329 ÷ 6.
• Draw and measure lines to the nearest millimetre.
• Work out the perimeter and area of a rectangle such as a book cover measuring 25cm by 20cm
• Solve word problems and explain her method.

Learning through games

Number High

You need the ace to 9 cards from a pack of shuffled playing cards.

Deal out three cards.  Make the highest total you can by using the numbers however you like.  The person who gets the highest total wins the three cards.  Then deal out three more cards and have another go.  When you decide to stop playing, add up the numbers on the cards.  Whoever has the highest score is the winner.

Number Low

You could also play number low, in which players make the lowest possible total.  Or choose a special number and see who can get closest to it.

◊ Helps children be flexible in their thinking

Three in a line

You need a snakes and ladders board, counters or buttons, and two dice.

Take turns to roll the two dice. Add the numbers.  Repeat this, then multiply the two answers together.  Then use a counter to cover this total number on the board. The first person to finish a line of counters is the winner.

◊ practises multiplication

Round up the bill

Try this quick way to estimate the total of your shopping bill.  Round up to the next pound amounts over 50p, and round down to the next pound amounts less than 50p.

Try it out when you go shopping or practise on some used bills.

Helping your child with the 9 times table

Looking for patterns 1

Look down the column of answers.  Notice the way the numbers in the left-hand column get larger and the numbers in the right-hand column get smaller.
and so on… Looking for patterns 2

18  1 + 8 =9

27  2 + 7 = 9

36  3 + 6 = 9

45  4 + 5 = 9 and so on…

The digits always add up to 9

Other patterns

You or your child may see other number patterns in this table 