Year 1


In Year 1 the focus is on accurate counting, order and simple addition and subtraction.  But maths also includes measuring, statistics and shape and space.  Your child will learn about all of these.

In Year 1 your child will be learning to:

  • Count at least 20 everyday objects.
  • Count forwards and backwards in ones, starting from a small number.
  • Read and write numbers to at least 20.
  • Put the numbers 0 to 20 in order.
  • Use the words first, second, third…
  • Given a number from 10 to 20, say the number that is one more, one less, 10 more, 10 less.
  • Use the words add, sum, total, take away, subtract, difference between… in practical situations.
  • Know by heart all pairs of numbers that make 10, such as 3+7, 8+2.
  • Add and subtract any two numbers under 10.
  • Compare two objects or containers, and say which is longer or shorter, or heavier or lighter, or which holds more.
  • Name and describe simple flat and solid shapes, for example, “It’s got 3 corners”.
  • Count forwards and backwards in tens (0, 10, 20, 30…).


Ways to help your child with maths.


Make a number track or click the image below to open a simple printable one.

Number track

Use it to play these two games:

Heads or tails

You will need some counters and a coin.

Each player puts a counter on 0

First player, toss a coin.  Move one space forward if it is heads and two spaces if it is tails.  Look at the number you land on. The other players give you an action to do that many times.

“You must clap your hands six times.”

“Jump up and down eight times.”

Continue until you have all reached the end of the track.

◊ Helps children with counting to 10.

Take off 10

You will need 11 counters or buttons and a 1-6 dice.

Put a counter on each number on the track. Then throw the dice and say the dice number. Take the counter off that number.  The first person to collect four counters is the winner.


Find the number on the track which, when added to the dice number, makes 10.

I got a 4 so I must take off the counter on ….6

◊ helps children to work out the two numbers make 10.


Other things to do

Outdoor numbers

Each person chooses a target number such as 8.  The aim is to find any two numbers that add up to your target number.

“I can make 8, look 6 and 2.”

◊ helps children with adding.

Maths in the kitchen.

You can use everyday tasks in the kitchen to teach maths.

  •  Can you put out enough biscuits for two each, how many will you need?
  •  Can you set the microwave time for 3 minutes?
  •  Help me weigh out 500 grams of sugar.

◊ good for numbers, weighing, time and problem solving.


You need a set of dominos (blanks removed) and some counters.

Each player writes the numbers 1 – 12 on a piece of paper

Lay out the dominos face down.  Take turns to pick one up.  Add the total number of spots on both halves of your domino.  Then cover this number on the piece of paper with a counter.  The first person to cover all their numbers is the winner.

◊ helps children with adding and writing numbers.

© 2015 Charlesworth School